Question: What Did Plato And Aristotle Disagree On?

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle contrast with Plato?

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle.

Contrast with Plato.

Primary substance are the most real thing for Aristotle because they are subjects to everything else and all other things are either asserted of them or are present in them..

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government?

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government? Plato believed that there should be 3 tiers in government: Philosopher-kings, warriors, and the rest of the people. … Aristotle believed that he 3 best forms of government are monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government.

What was Plato’s main philosophy?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What were the major beliefs of Socrates Plato and Aristotle?

Socrates also taught that a man is only capable of demonstrating wisdom when he admits that he does not know everything. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were all philosophers. Philosophy is the study of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Plato by far has contributed more to society than Aristotle. … Aristotle was not read by his contemporaries, but rather the words of Socrates were highly sought after and paid for. Socrates was the father of logic and philosophy (love of wisdom). Plato was his apt student and Aristotle did not learn well from either.

What is the order of Socrates Plato and Aristotle?

The chronological order has been stated many times by other people. But, nevertheless i shall answer, Socrates was the first of the great 3, then came his student, Plato. And After that came Aristotle who was a student at Plato’s academia.

What is Plato’s ethical theory?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

What is the reason why Aristotle disagreed with Plato’s theory of forms?

However, careful consideration of both Plato and Aristotle’s arguments shows that they do not necessarily contradict each other. Aristotle countered Plato’s ideas by saying that forms without matter could not be “something definite;” they could not actually, physically exist.

Who did Plato disagree with?

AristotleAlthough Plato had been his teacher, Aristotle disagreed with much of Plato’s philosophy. Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. Aristotle believed in looking at the real world and studying it.

What did Aristotle and Plato agree on?

Both Plato and Aristotle based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs: Knowledge must be of what is real. The world experienced via the senses is what is real. Knowledge must be of what is fixed and unchanging.

What are the main differences between Plato and Aristotle?

Aristotle also investigated areas of philosophy and fields of science that Plato did not seriously consider. According to a conventional view, Plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas Aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical.

How did Aristotle differ from Plato in terms of morality?

IN ETHICS Plato believed that wisdom is the basic virtue and with it, one can unify all virtues into a whole. … Aristotle believed that wisdom was virtuous, but that achieving virtue was neither automatic nor did it grant any unification of other virtues.

What is the connection between Plato and Socrates?

Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology appear to have been originally influenced by Presocratic thinkers. As a young man, however, Plato became a student of Socrates and turned his attention to the question of what constitutes a virtuous life. Almost all of Plato’s writings date from after Socrates’s trial and execution.

Which political ideology is Plato credited with?

Plato’s political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato’s political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian by some.